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Software Creation Mystery - https://softwarecreation.org

the aversion project psychology

An as-yet unpublished report, called the Aversion Project, commissioned by gay rights groups and South Africa's medical research council, details the extent of … click here. Australian Psychological Society … Risk aversion (psychology): | |Risk-aversion| is a preference for a sure outcome over a gamble with higher or equa... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the most definitive collection ever assembled. Request writing assistance from a top writer in the field! A homosexual is human before their sexual orientation is revealed. ( Log Out /  These include gender neutral bathrooms, Gay parades and the stance many companies are making to employ members of the LGBT community. Cape Town: Simply Said and Done on behalf of Gay and Lesbian Archives Health and Human Rights Project, Medical Research Council, National Coalition for Gay and Lesbian Equality, 1999. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Usually, people say that the former has a higher value to them than the latter. And what of the present? One cannot be diagnosed with homosexuality because it is not a mental disorder but a sexual preference and something that pertains to the emotional character. The Aversion Project Case Study: How Human Dignity And Human Rights Were Denied Resulting In An Unethical Outcome. It further exposes how ignoring rights can result in a lack of dignity showed, proving in themselves to be one of an unethical degree. To get a custom and plagiarism-free essay The ‘sex change’ therapy exemplifies the homophobic attitude in the 20th century. Victims were forced to submit to "curing" their homosexuality because the SADF considered homosexuality to be subversive and those who were homosexual were subject to … The stance South Africa takes today as a nation is to learn from the past to work together for a new purpose. https://luka-magnotta-magnotta-luka.blogspot.com/.../aversion-project.html The Aversion Project is seen as one of the most unethical psychology practices in North America An estimated 900 males and female soldiers, were tested on and tortured. In other words, the value people place on avoiding a certain loss is higher than the value of acquiring a gain of equal size. This is the same reason why military personnel that were asked to join accepted the offer, because of the fear of being different as well as the shame placed upon them from those surrounding them. The intentional purpose of making homosexuals feel ashamed based on individual external values and beliefs is atrocious. It becomes an injustice from the perspective of the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights that states that there is an inherent dignity which we as human beings acknowledge and we each have “equal and inalienable rights”. Unethical Psychology: The Aversion Project - YouTube This video goes over the treatment of homosexual conscripts in the South African army during Apartheid times … However, as a whole, individual human rights should always be a priority unless he/she is a danger to national defense or to a bigger scale. ( Log Out /  This stems from the recognition that there is a sense of human dignity and respect associated with every human, but when there is a lack of this element it can be clearly outlined as a violation. It is a great injustice to persecute homosexuality as a crime — and a cruelty too. Therefore, first and foremost because they are human there is a sense of dignity and respect that is owed to them, and there was a huge lack of dignity and respect showed to the personnel from the beginning of The Aversion Project to the end of the degrading process of persecution undergone by the various victims. The Oxford dictionary defines homosexuality as “a person who is sexually attracted to people of the same sex”. The army psychiatrists shows no empathy or signs of treating the homosexual soldiers like human during the experiment. Samplius is for students who want to get an idea for their own paper. From the case study, the homosexuals were blatantly alienated to the extreme, whereby there was a separate ward in which they were kept, outlining physically that their rights have been removed and displaying a level of inequality to other personnel of the military. ( Log Out /  This will be explored, particularly focusing on homosexuals, with the Aversion Project that happened in South Africa between the 1980s and 1970s. Aversion therapy uses the behavioral approach principles that new behavior can be 'learnt' in order to overcome addictions, obsessions or, as demonstrated in Kubrick film A Clockwork Orange, violent behavior. From the above quote by Sigmund Freud it clearly outlines a major mistake that the psychiatrists made in the case study; which is looking at homosexuality as an illness or a disease that one can easily get rid of. Clearly to the psychiatrists their actions were perceived as ethical, because they were trying to cure an ‘illness’ and one can see where their view point arises from. Looking at the unique state of South Africa even within Africa during the apartheid era, the experiment occurred during a period of traditional religion being valued as well as racial segregation amongst citizens. I believe sometimes it is necessary to place the defense of the country above the defense of an individual’s human rights in some cases. (1) The Aversion Project was a medical torture program during apartheid led by Dr. Aubrey Levin. Behavioral Psychology 16.01 (1988): 57. It is clear that homosexuality is a difficult concept as it deviates from the norm and culture of what is seen as “right”. The project identified gay soldiers as conscripts who used drugs in the South African Defence Forces (SADF). There were approximately 900 men and women who underwent the surgery enforced upon the candidates. ( Log Out /  The study was unethical because it does not treat the soldiers equally as human and does not respect their sexuality. The Aversion Project of the 1970s and 1980s South Africa’s apartheid army forced white lesbian and gay soldiers to undergo ‘sex-change’ operations in the 1970′s and the 1980′s, and submitted many to chemical castration, electric shock, and other unethical medical experiments. Most victims were white males. Dr. Levin fled to Canada and denied everything, taking no responsibility whatsoever. Aversion therapy can be used to treat a number of problematic behaviors including the following:2 1. Where does South Africa stand today? The Aversion Project is unethical due to several reasons: it caused physical and mental harm to the participants, it was forced conducted therefore the experiment had no consent, and the participants cannot withdraw when they want to. Gambling 6. In-text: (Australian Psychological Society Code of Ethics, 2007) Your Bibliography: 2007. Author G J Venter. Suspected homosexuals would be taken to military psychiatric outposts, where they would be experimented on using shock therapy, hormone treatment, and if all else failed, a forced sex-change. This is one of the profound points Sigmund Freud identifies, as individual homosexuals should not be ashamed and it should be nothing to be ashamed of. The Aversion Project happened during the years of Apartheid in South Africa. This will be explored, particularly focusing on homosexuals, with the Aversion Project that happened in South Africa between the 1980s and 1970s. 2001 Aug;91(8):617-8. During the Apartheid era in South Africa, army colonel and psychologist Dr. Aubrey Levin was put in charge of “curing” the country’s homosexuals. This was a research project based on qualitative methodology that helped to further examine why homosexuality was considered to be unusual behavior at that time. Bad habits 2. There are differences displayed from one person to another and it is crucial to acknowledge the rights every human, African and South African possesses. After reading the Course Companion E-text, my judgement still stands. By failing to understand this, it degrades and lowers the standard by which they should be treated. The unfortunate ending to this project was the inhumane conditions that these homosexuals were left in due to the project being abandoned. In fact, there is a way to get an original essay!

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